[Good Pharm NOWㅣPopular] Phylloquinone: The Essential Nutrient for Blood Clotting and Bone Health

[Good Pharm NOWㅣPopular] Phylloquinone: The Essential Nutrient for Blood Clotting and Bone Health

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What is Phylloquinone?

Phylloquinone, also known as vitamin K1, is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays a crucial role in blood clotting and bone health. It is found naturally in green leafy vegetables, such as spinach, kale, and collard greens, as well as in some vegetable oils, such as olive oil and canola oil.

Functions of Phylloquinone

Blood Clotting

Phylloquinone is essential for the production of prothrombin, a protein that is necessary for blood clotting. Without adequate levels of phylloquinone, the blood will not clot properly, which can lead to excessive bleeding and bruising.

Bone Health

Phylloquinone is also involved in the formation of osteocalcin, a protein that is essential for the mineralization of bones. Adequate levels of phylloquinone are therefore necessary for maintaining strong and healthy bones.

Phylloquinone Deficiency

Phylloquinone deficiency is rare, but it can occur in people who have difficulty absorbing fat-soluble vitamins, such as those with celiac disease or cystic fibrosis. It can also occur in people who take certain medications, such as antibiotics and anticoagulants.

Symptoms of phylloquinone deficiency can include:

  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Nosebleeds
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Blood in the urine or stool
  • Bone pain or fractures

Phylloquinone Requirements

The recommended daily intake of phylloquinone is 120 mcg for adult men and 90 mcg for adult women. However, people with certain medical conditions, such as liver disease or malabsorption disorders, may need to take higher doses.

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Food Sources of Phylloquinone

The richest food sources of phylloquinone are green leafy vegetables, such as:

  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Collard greens
  • Turnip greens
  • Mustard greens

Other good sources of phylloquinone include:

  • Vegetable oils, such as olive oil and canola oil
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower

Phylloquinone Supplements

Phylloquinone supplements are available in capsule or tablet form. They are typically recommended for people who have difficulty absorbing fat-soluble vitamins, such as those with celiac disease or cystic fibrosis. They may also be recommended for people who take certain medications, such as antibiotics and anticoagulants.

Drug Interactions

Phylloquinone can interact with certain medications, such as:

  • Anticoagulants, such as warfarin and heparin
  • Antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin and doxycycline
  • Cholestyramine
  • Orlistat

If you are taking any of these medications, talk to your doctor before taking a phylloquinone supplement.

Conclusion

Phylloquinone is an essential nutrient that plays a crucial role in blood clotting and bone health. It is found naturally in green leafy vegetables, such as spinach, kale, and collard greens, as well as in some vegetable oils, such as olive oil and canola oil. Most people can get enough phylloquinone from their diet, but people with certain medical conditions or who take certain medications may need to take a supplement.

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